The PUP Graduate School Through the Years

The Faculty of Graduate Studies (now the Graduate School) was established in 1970 under the administration of Dr. Nemesio E. Prudente by virtue of RA 6089 in 1970 authorizing Philippine College of Commerce (PCC) to expand its course offerings. Dr. Hernani P. Esteban, then Vice President for Academic Affairs, was its first dean. Its primary purpose was to provide opportunities for advanced studies in the fields of business and business education.

On July 20, 1971, classes in Master in Business Administration (MBA) and Master of Arts in Business Education (MABE) officially opened. Thus, the first graduate curricula were Master of Arts in Business Education and Master in Business Administration.
The Master of Arts in Business Education, the only one in the country, aimed “to develop in the students a broader and deeper grasp and perception of the basic traditions, values, and trends as these relate to the total educational program and to equip the students with relevant knowledge and skills to enable them to execute effectively their roles as dynamic business teachers or administrators who have the perspective and understanding of the fundamental issues and needed changes in contemporary Philippine society.”
The specializations Management and Marketing of the Master in Business Administration curriculum were “designed primarily to prepare men and women for creative leadership in an increasingly complex and dynamic business society by widening their knowledge, improving their managerial skills, and challenging their imaginations.”

When Martial Law was declared on September 21, 1972, PCC, including the Faculty of Graduate Studies, was temporarily closed. When PCC reopened in November 1972, Dr. Narciso Albarracin was designated Officer-in-Charge, with Dr. Pablo T. Mateo, Jr. as Performance Officer.

On December 17, 1973, Prof. Isabelo T. Crisostomo took over as Officer-in-Charge until his appointment as President on July 17, 1974. Dr. Hernani P. Esteban, the then Dean of the Faculty of Graduate Studies, transferred to Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila, and Dr. Flora G. Gonzales took over the deanship and remained as such until her retirement in 1986.
During the incumbency of Dean Gonzales, the Faculty of Graduate Studies became the “Graduate School.” With a mandate from the New Society to reorient curricular programs to new values and new societal needs, the Graduate School reexamined its curricula and instructional policies, introducing revisions in old courses and adding new courses to meet the needs of its emerging student clientele: the undergraduate faculty and alumni; a wide spectrum of students from other schools, companies, and government agencies.

The general program of Master of Arts in Business Education was revised to include options in Accounting, Economics, Management, and Marketing. Master in Business Administration, with existing options in Management and Marketing, had additional options in Accounting and Economics.

The academic year 1973-1974 is a milestone in the existence of the Graduate School because of the following: (1) it produced its first graduate, with the degree Master in Business Administration; (2) it codified the school’s standards and regulations; (3) the Graduate School’s publication, the Graduate Forum, was launched; (4) efforts were concerted for the development of the curricula; (5) research and financial grants were sought; and (6) consortia and community projects were established.

Two curricula were revised: Master in Business Administration and Master in Business Education (formerly called Master of Arts in Business Education). A new curriculum, Master in Economics, was offered.

Two curricula were added: (1) Master in Public Administration and (2) Teacher Certificate Program for Business and Distributive Arts, a non-degree program to meet immediate national needs for business distributive and cooperative teachers in the secondary level as a result of a revision in the secondary curriculum. The latter received an endorsement from the Department of Education and a financial assistance from Asia Foundation for three years. The Graduate School was able to offer scholarships to 46 teachers representing different regions in the country. With a failure to get further subsidy, succeeding enrollees in the program had to be either self-supporting or funded by their schools/district. The strategy adopted for this non-degree program was rather unique as students reported for a two-summer work and did independent studies during the regular semesters.

In the same academic year, a community project of the Graduate School, the Seminar for Barangay Leaders, was approved. There was also a Research Grant obtained from the Philippine Council of Agricultural Research on the subject “international trade” with Dr. Levi Trinidad as Project Director, Prof. Leticia Arbis as Research Project Administrator, and Prof. Melly G. Lachica as research project proponent.

PCC witnessed another change of leadership in 1977. Dr. Pablo T. Mateo, Jr. became the acting president and then the full-fledged president the following year. Dr. Flora G. Gonzales, Vice President for Academic Affairs, later came to be Executive Vice President and concurrent Dean of the Graduate School.

In May 1977, the Certificate Program in Cooperatives, another non-degree program, was started under a consortium agreement between the Philippine College of Commerce and the Order of St. Agustin Cooperative Education Center.

On April 1, 1978, PCC was elevated to a university status and was named Polytechnic University of the Philippines, enabling the institution to broaden its curricular offerings and to meet its stated objectives. The Graduate School set its aims to improve students’ competence as scholars, researchers, teacher administrators, and professionals by enhancing leadership qualities, decision-making ability, independent thought, and professional attitude.

This academic year was specially significant for the Graduate School because of the opening of two doctorate programs that were designed to develop high-quality leadership and expertise: Doctor in Business Administration and Doctor in Public Administration.

Master in Applied Statistics was offered in consortium with the National Census and Statistics Office. This is an off-campus program that continues up to the present.
Two degree programs were, likewise, approved: (1) Master in Public Administration for government leaders who distinguished themselves in public service and (2) Master in Public and Business Administration.

Master in Accountancy was launched to give non-accountants the opportunity to develop competencies and leadership qualities for professional careers in accountancy. This program, however, had to be gradually discontinued starting in 1995 because of some technical problems concerning Professional Regulation Commission requirements.

A non-thesis program leading to Master in Business Administration started to be offered to professionals and executives.

A new program, Master in Physical Education with specialization in Physical Education and Sports Administration, was offered.

On April 24, 1986, Dr. Nemesio E. Prudente was once again at the helm of the University administration, and when Dr. Flora G. Gonzales retired on July 15, 1986, Dr. Prudente acted concurrently as the Dean of the Graduate School.

The specializations in Master in Business Administration and Master in Business Education ceased to be offered.
New programs leading to Master in Industrial Engineering and Management and Master of Arts in Psychology were offered. The Master of Industrial Engineering and Management program was primarily designed to prepare qualified engineers for effective leadership in the industrial engineering profession and to provide industries with competent managers, entrepreneurs, and researchers.

Both master’s and doctorate programs in Educational Management were offered to meet the national need for educational administrators steeped in management skills.

Dr. Soledad L. Villena was appointed Assistant Dean of the Graduate School in November 1987.

The Graduate School was transferred from the old building on Sergio H. Loyola Street to the newly refurbished building beside the Hasmin Hostel on Valencia Street, Sta. Mesa, Manila.

The Master in Mass Communication Program was offered. The program, which was initially designed as a traditional degree program, later, offered both traditional and non-traditional programs.

Master of Arts in Language Teaching was offered to explore and evaluate recent approaches in English teaching and to provide opportunities in designing and assessing the effectiveness of classroom-based activities.

On January 2, 1992, Dr. Rodolfo T. Lara was appointed Graduate School Dean but his term lasted only six months.

In summer 1992, Dr. Jaime Gellor took over the presidency of the University. The Graduate School experienced another administrative change when Dr. Honesto Mendoza was designated dean. His term lasted until July 1992.

Dr. Zenaida A. Olonan was appointed President of the University by then President Fidel V. Ramos. She took over the deanship of the Graduate School on a concurrent capacity.

Dr. Rustica C. Carpio was appointed Dean in January 1993 with Prof. Salud B. Andres as the Assistant Dean.

On July 1, 1994, Dr. Rodolfo T. de Lara was reappointed Dean of the Graduate School. Under his leadership, curricular enrichment was continually pursued, multidisciplinary approach in organization of research classes was observed, Ethics was offered in the public administration program, and integration of related subjects was done through a series of lectures.

Dr. De Lara tapped donors for professorial chairholders. The professorial chairholders were: Virgilio M. Tatlonghari, Ph.D. -Dr. Caroline R. Rogge Professorial Chair in Labor Economics, 1998; Rustica C. Carpio, Ph.D.-Manila Bulletin Professorial Chair in Journalism, 1998.

The Graduate School successfully passed Level I Status of Accreditation by the Accrediting Agency for Chartered Colleges and Universities (AACCUP) in March 1997.

Dr. Victoria C. Naval was appointed Dean of the Graduate School on July 1, 1998. Upon assuming office to duty, Dr. Naval identified Ten Key Result Areas as part of the GS Five-Year Development Plan (1998-2003) with the aim of strengthening the effectiveness, relevance, and quality of graduate education in performing its role in society. The key result areas were: (1) Enhanced Quality and Relevance of Programs, (2) Enhanced Quality of Management through MIS, (3) Quality and Efficiency in Thesis/Dissertation/Research, (4) Curriculum and Instruction Enhancement, (5) Modernization of Academic Resources and Technology, (6) Continuing Faculty Development Program, (7) Development of Research Culture and Strengthening Research Networks, (8) Continuous Multi-Sectoral Consultations, (9) Student Development, and (10) Community Outreach Enhancement Program.

Dr. Ofelia M. Carague was appointed President of the University on November 13, 1998, and Dr. Naval was re-designated Dean of the Graduate School on November 25, 1998.

The creation of the Research and Extension Service Office in the Graduate School in the new organizational set-up of the university with a functional staff is a major step in revitalizing the Graduate School’s research culture, scholarship, and community service. Prof. Melly L. Paraiso was appointed Chief of the Research and Extension Service Office on February 1, 1999.

The creation of the Office resulted in the initial publication of the following: GS Newsletter, Educators’ Digest, GS monographs, research and extension brochures, GS Student Manual, GS Faculty Manual, GS Research Manual, and GS thesis-writing manual.

Dr. Victoria C. Naval was designated Vice President of Research and Development, and Dr. Juan C. Birion was given the post of Graduate School Dean. Right after his designation, he espoused the appointment of college deans as chairs of master’s and doctorate programs, as well as the upgrading of the administrative staff’s educational qualifications to at least a master’s degree. The GS facilities were transformed to world-class as envisioned, and classrooms were air-conditioned. To strengthen research and extension, he created two offices, the Research, Development and Production Center headed by Prof. Elmer G. De Jose and the Community and Extension Center with Dr. Carolina A. Panganiban as Chief. He recommended the appointment of faculty researchers. He assigned an Information Systems Researcher to give the faculty and the students access to the internet and make the MIS functional. He initiated the following: a module-writing project and on-line teaching-learning crash programs for the faculty, the use of a distinct paper containing the PUP logo for theses and dissertations, the organization of the Doctor in Public Administration Alumni Association, the revitalization of student societies and the Graduate School Central Student Council, the preparation of the programs for Level III accreditation, and the GS linking with DILG and DOH for the upgrading of facilities. During his term Master of Science in Engineering with options in Structural Engineering, Transportation Engineering, Electronics and Communications Engineering, and Computer Engineering started to be offered.

On October 26, 2007, Dr. Juan C. Birion was promoted to Vice President of Student Services and Dr. Amalia Cullarin-Rosales took over as new Dean of the Graduate School.

Before her designation as Dean, Dr. Rosales was the Director of the Ninoy Aquino Library and Learning Resources Center of the University. Prior to this, she was the dean of the College of Arts of PUP from 1997 to October 2004.

Upon assumption to the position, Dr. Rosales immediately undertook the following: publication of MAELT thesis digest, public administration monographs and the new GS Newsletter, THE LINK; entered into a MOA with the DAWN, an NGO concerned with the plight of Filipino women/children abandoned by their Japanese partners/fathers; organized the GS Faculty Association; strengthened cultural orientation in the Graduate School through holding of cultural activities; resumed the publication of the GS Research Journal; proposed the opening of the Center for Ethics in Business and Governance; revised the Student Handbook; intensified the greening of the Graduate School; and prepared the Graduate School for Level III Accreditation.


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