The PUP Graduate School Through the Years
The Faculty of Graduate Studies (now the Graduate School) was established
in 1970 under the administration of Dr. Nemesio E. Prudente by virtue of RA
6089 in 1970 authorizing Philippine College of Commerce (PCC) to expand its
course offerings. Dr. Hernani P. Esteban, then Vice President for Academic
Affairs, was its first dean. Its primary purpose was to provide
opportunities for advanced studies in the fields of business and business
On July 20, 1971, classes in Master in Business
Administration (MBA) and Master of Arts in Business Education (MABE)
officially opened. Thus, the first graduate curricula were Master of Arts in
Business Education and Master in Business Administration.
The Master of
Arts in Business Education, the only one in the country, aimed “to develop
in the students a broader and deeper grasp and perception of the basic
traditions, values, and trends as these relate to the total educational
program and to equip the students with relevant knowledge and skills to
enable them to execute effectively their roles as dynamic business teachers
or administrators who have the perspective and understanding of the
fundamental issues and needed changes in contemporary Philippine society.”
The specializations Management and Marketing of the Master in Business
Administration curriculum were “designed primarily to prepare men and women
for creative leadership in an increasingly complex and dynamic business
society by widening their knowledge, improving their managerial skills, and
challenging their imaginations.”
When Martial Law was declared on September 21, 1972, PCC,
including the Faculty of Graduate Studies, was temporarily closed. When PCC
reopened in November 1972, Dr. Narciso Albarracin was designated
Officer-in-Charge, with Dr. Pablo T. Mateo, Jr. as Performance Officer.
On December 17, 1973, Prof. Isabelo T. Crisostomo took
over as Officer-in-Charge until his appointment as President on July 17,
1974. Dr. Hernani P. Esteban, the then Dean of the Faculty of Graduate
Studies, transferred to Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila, and Dr. Flora G.
Gonzales took over the deanship and remained as such until her retirement in
During the incumbency of Dean Gonzales, the Faculty of Graduate
Studies became the “Graduate School.” With a mandate from the New Society to
reorient curricular programs to new values and new societal needs, the
Graduate School reexamined its curricula and instructional policies,
introducing revisions in old courses and adding new courses to meet the
needs of its emerging student clientele: the undergraduate faculty and
alumni; a wide spectrum of students from other schools, companies, and
The general program of Master of Arts in Business
Education was revised to include options in Accounting, Economics,
Management, and Marketing. Master in Business Administration, with existing
options in Management and Marketing, had additional options in Accounting
The academic year 1973-1974 is a milestone in the existence of the
Graduate School because of the following: (1) it produced its first
graduate, with the degree Master in Business Administration; (2) it codified
the school’s standards and regulations; (3) the Graduate School’s
publication, the Graduate Forum, was launched; (4) efforts were concerted
for the development of the curricula; (5) research and financial grants were
sought; and (6) consortia and community projects were established.
Two curricula were revised: Master in Business
Administration and Master in Business Education (formerly called Master of
Arts in Business Education). A new curriculum, Master in Economics, was
Two curricula were added: (1) Master in Public
Administration and (2) Teacher Certificate Program for Business and
Distributive Arts, a non-degree program to meet immediate national needs for
business distributive and cooperative teachers in the secondary level as a
result of a revision in the secondary curriculum. The latter received an
endorsement from the Department of Education and a financial assistance from
Asia Foundation for three years. The Graduate School was able to offer
scholarships to 46 teachers representing different regions in the country.
With a failure to get further subsidy, succeeding enrollees in the program
had to be either self-supporting or funded by their schools/district. The
strategy adopted for this non-degree program was rather unique as students
reported for a two-summer work and did independent studies during the
In the same academic year, a community project of the Graduate School,
the Seminar for Barangay Leaders, was approved. There was also a Research
Grant obtained from the Philippine Council of Agricultural Research on the
subject “international trade” with Dr. Levi Trinidad as Project Director,
Prof. Leticia Arbis as Research Project Administrator, and Prof. Melly G.
Lachica as research project proponent.
PCC witnessed another change of leadership in 1977.
Dr. Pablo T. Mateo, Jr. became the acting president and then the
full-fledged president the following year. Dr. Flora G. Gonzales, Vice
President for Academic Affairs, later came to be Executive Vice President
and concurrent Dean of the Graduate School.
In May 1977, the Certificate Program in Cooperatives, another non-degree
program, was started under a consortium agreement between the Philippine
College of Commerce and the Order of St. Agustin Cooperative Education
On April 1, 1978, PCC was elevated to a university status and was named
Polytechnic University of the Philippines, enabling the institution to
broaden its curricular offerings and to meet its stated objectives. The
Graduate School set its aims to improve students’ competence as scholars,
researchers, teacher administrators, and professionals by enhancing
leadership qualities, decision-making ability, independent thought, and
This academic year was specially significant for the Graduate School
because of the opening of two doctorate programs that were designed to
develop high-quality leadership and expertise: Doctor in Business
Administration and Doctor in Public Administration.
Master in Applied Statistics was offered in
consortium with the National Census and Statistics Office. This is an
off-campus program that continues up to the present.
Two degree programs
were, likewise, approved: (1) Master in Public Administration for government
leaders who distinguished themselves in public service and (2) Master in
Public and Business Administration.
Master in Accountancy was launched to give
non-accountants the opportunity to develop competencies and leadership
qualities for professional careers in accountancy. This program, however,
had to be gradually discontinued starting in 1995 because of some technical
problems concerning Professional Regulation Commission requirements.
A non-thesis program leading to Master in Business Administration started
to be offered to professionals and executives.
A new program, Master in Physical Education with
specialization in Physical Education and Sports Administration, was offered.
On April 24, 1986, Dr. Nemesio E. Prudente was once
again at the helm of the University administration, and when Dr. Flora G.
Gonzales retired on July 15, 1986, Dr. Prudente acted concurrently as the
Dean of the Graduate School.
The specializations in Master in Business
Administration and Master in Business Education ceased to be offered.
programs leading to Master in Industrial Engineering and Management and
Master of Arts in Psychology were offered. The Master of Industrial
Engineering and Management program was primarily designed to prepare
qualified engineers for effective leadership in the industrial engineering
profession and to provide industries with competent managers, entrepreneurs,
Both master’s and doctorate programs in Educational
Management were offered to meet the national need for educational
administrators steeped in management skills.
Dr. Soledad L. Villena was appointed Assistant Dean of the Graduate
School in November 1987.
The Graduate School was transferred from the old
building on Sergio H. Loyola Street to the newly refurbished building beside
the Hasmin Hostel on Valencia Street, Sta. Mesa, Manila.
The Master in Mass Communication Program was offered.
The program, which was initially designed as a traditional degree program,
later, offered both traditional and non-traditional programs.
Master of Arts in Language Teaching was offered to
explore and evaluate recent approaches in English teaching and to provide
opportunities in designing and assessing the effectiveness of
On January 2, 1992, Dr. Rodolfo T. Lara was appointed Graduate School
Dean but his term lasted only six months.
In summer 1992, Dr. Jaime Gellor took over the presidency of the
University. The Graduate School experienced another administrative change
when Dr. Honesto Mendoza was designated dean. His term lasted until July
Dr. Zenaida A. Olonan was appointed President of the
University by then President Fidel V. Ramos. She took over the deanship of
the Graduate School on a concurrent capacity.
Dr. Rustica C. Carpio was appointed Dean in January 1993 with Prof. Salud
B. Andres as the Assistant Dean.
On July 1, 1994, Dr. Rodolfo T. de Lara was
reappointed Dean of the Graduate School. Under his leadership, curricular
enrichment was continually pursued, multidisciplinary approach in
organization of research classes was observed, Ethics was offered in the
public administration program, and integration of related subjects was done
through a series of lectures.
Dr. De Lara tapped donors for professorial chairholders. The professorial
chairholders were: Virgilio M. Tatlonghari, Ph.D. -Dr. Caroline R. Rogge
Professorial Chair in Labor Economics, 1998; Rustica C. Carpio, Ph.D.-Manila
Bulletin Professorial Chair in Journalism, 1998.
The Graduate School successfully passed Level I Status of Accreditation
by the Accrediting Agency for Chartered Colleges and Universities (AACCUP)
in March 1997.
Dr. Victoria C. Naval was appointed Dean of the
Graduate School on July 1, 1998. Upon assuming office to duty, Dr. Naval
identified Ten Key Result Areas as part of the GS Five-Year Development Plan
(1998-2003) with the aim of strengthening the effectiveness, relevance, and
quality of graduate education in performing its role in society. The key
result areas were: (1) Enhanced Quality and Relevance of Programs, (2)
Enhanced Quality of Management through MIS, (3) Quality and Efficiency in
Thesis/Dissertation/Research, (4) Curriculum and Instruction Enhancement,
(5) Modernization of Academic Resources and Technology, (6) Continuing
Faculty Development Program, (7) Development of Research Culture and
Strengthening Research Networks, (8) Continuous Multi-Sectoral
Consultations, (9) Student Development, and (10) Community Outreach
Dr. Ofelia M. Carague was appointed President of the University on
November 13, 1998, and Dr. Naval was re-designated Dean of the Graduate
School on November 25, 1998.
The creation of the Research and Extension Service Office in the Graduate
School in the new organizational set-up of the university with a functional
staff is a major step in revitalizing the Graduate School’s research
culture, scholarship, and community service. Prof. Melly L. Paraiso was
appointed Chief of the Research and Extension Service Office on February 1,
The creation of the Office resulted in the initial publication of the
following: GS Newsletter, Educators’ Digest, GS monographs, research and
extension brochures, GS Student Manual, GS Faculty Manual, GS Research
Manual, and GS thesis-writing manual.
Dr. Victoria C. Naval was designated Vice
President of Research and Development, and Dr. Juan C. Birion was given the
post of Graduate School Dean. Right after his designation, he espoused the
appointment of college deans as chairs of master’s and doctorate programs,
as well as the upgrading of the administrative staff’s educational
qualifications to at least a master’s degree. The GS facilities were
transformed to world-class as envisioned, and classrooms were
air-conditioned. To strengthen research and extension, he created two
offices, the Research, Development and Production Center headed by Prof.
Elmer G. De Jose and the Community and Extension Center with Dr. Carolina A.
Panganiban as Chief. He recommended the appointment of faculty researchers.
He assigned an Information Systems Researcher to give the faculty and the
students access to the internet and make the MIS functional. He initiated
the following: a module-writing project and on-line teaching-learning crash
programs for the faculty, the use of a distinct paper containing the PUP
logo for theses and dissertations, the organization of the Doctor in Public
Administration Alumni Association, the revitalization of student societies
and the Graduate School Central Student Council, the preparation of the
programs for Level III accreditation, and the GS linking with DILG and DOH
for the upgrading of facilities. During his term Master of Science in
Engineering with options in Structural Engineering, Transportation
Engineering, Electronics and Communications Engineering, and Computer
Engineering started to be offered.
On October 26, 2007, Dr. Juan C. Birion was promoted to Vice President of
Student Services and Dr. Amalia Cullarin-Rosales took over as new Dean of
the Graduate School.
Before her designation as Dean, Dr. Rosales was the Director of the Ninoy
Aquino Library and Learning Resources Center of the University. Prior to
this, she was the dean of the College of Arts of PUP from 1997 to October
Upon assumption to the position, Dr. Rosales immediately undertook the
following: publication of MAELT thesis digest, public administration
monographs and the new GS Newsletter, THE LINK; entered into a MOA with the
DAWN, an NGO concerned with the plight of Filipino women/children abandoned
by their Japanese partners/fathers; organized the GS Faculty Association;
strengthened cultural orientation in the Graduate School through holding of
cultural activities; resumed the publication of the GS Research Journal;
proposed the opening of the Center for Ethics in Business and Governance;
revised the Student Handbook; intensified the greening of the Graduate
School; and prepared the Graduate School for Level III Accreditation.