Health Advisory on Heat Stroke

03/20/2019 Information Broadcast

National Center for Health Prevention National Center for Disease Prevention and Control

Is the most severe form of heat illness wherein the body overheats and can’t cool down by sweating because of dehydration.

Causes

The risk of heat stroke raises in hot and humid weather coupled with:

  1. Vigorous exercise
  2. Dehydration
  3. Too much direct exposure to the sun

Signs and Symptoms

  1. Intense heat, dehydration
  2. Weakness or discomfort
  3. Dizziness or fainting
  4. Anxiety
  5. Headache

Watch out for the following:

  1. Very high core body temperature of 40o and above 
  2. Hot dry skin
  3. Rapid heart beat
  4. Convulsion
  5. Delirium
  6. Unconscious or coma

The above manifestation may lead to heat stroke.

Prevention

  • Limit the amount of time you spend outdoors
  • Drink plenty of water.  Avoid tea, coffee, soda and alcohol
  • Wear a wide brimmed hat and long sleeved / light weight, light colored, loose-fitting clothing
  • Schedule heavy duty activities for the beginning or end of the day when its cooler

What to do / Emergency Measures

  1. Move the person to the shady spot or indoors and have them lie down with the legs elevated.  If still conscious, have them sip cool water.
  2. Remove clothing, apply cool water to the skin and fan them.
  3. Apply ice pads to the armpits, wrists, ankles, and groin.
  4. Bring to the hospital immediately.
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